Integrated Approach to Enhance Livelihood and Ecological Resilience of Hurri Hills Landscapes in Marsabit County
Terms of Reference: Rapid ethno-ecological Survey in the Hurri Hills landscapes
1. Introduction: The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), is a membership Union uniquely composed of both government and civil society organizations.
It provides public, private and non-governmental organizations with the knowledge and tools that enable human progress, economic development and nature conservation to take place together.
Created in 1948, IUCN is now the world’s largest and most diverse environmental network, harnessing the knowledge, resources and reach of more than 1,300 Member organizations and some 16,000 experts. It is a leading provider of conservation data, assessments and analysis.
Its broad membership enables IUCN to fill the role of incubator and trusted repository of best practices, tools and international standards.
IUCN has three programme areas:
(1) Valuing and conserving nature;
(2) Effective and equitable governance of nature’s use and
(3) Deploying nature-based solutions to global challenges in climate, food and development.
IUCN mandate is achieved by supporting scientific research, managing field projects all over the world, and creating a platform for governments, NGOs, the UN and companies to work together to develop policy, laws and best practice.
IUCN’s Eastern and Southern African Regional Office (ESARO) operate in twenty four countries in the Horn of Africa, east Africa, southern Africa and the Western Indian Ocean.
The Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Programme undertakes a series of core actions with a view to realizing its overall intersessional results in relation to the IUCN vision “A just world that values and conserves nature”.
ESARO have 5 thematic areas which includes People and Landscapes, Conservation Areas and Species Diversity, Business and Biodiversity, Water and Wetlands and Resilient Coast.
2. Project Background
The People and Landscapes programme aims to deploy nature based solutions to regional challenges faced by communities through effective and equitable governance of rangelands and forest landscapes and ecosystems to provide multiple benefits to communities of Eastern and Southern Africa.
The goal of the programme is that dryland, forest and woodland ecosystems are sustainably managed to protect biodiversity and contribute to local livelihoods and national economies.
Under People and Landscapes (P&L) Programme IUCN has secured funding from (GIZ) to implement “Integrated plan to enhance socio-economic and ecological resilience of the wider Huri Hills and Shurr landscapes, Marsabit Kenya” project.
The overall objective of the project is to improve resilience through the development of potential pathways towards sustainable development of communities, conserve and rehabilitate ecosystems in the wider Hurri hills and Shurr landscapes.
The project’s main objective is to contribute to improving resilience in the wider Hurri Hills and Shurr landscapes through the development of pathways towards sustainable natural resource management and livelihoods development, based on enhanced conservation and management of ecosystems by the communities and authorities in the three landscapes.
In particular the project will strengthen devolved planning at both community level and at all levels of the local public administration, as well as design and implementation of pilot interventions that have sufficient leverage to enhance resilience and chances for sustainable livelihoods development.
The project and is being implemented by IUCN in partnership with the County Government of Marsabit, Marsabit-based Non-Governmental Organisations and local communities.
3. The key result areas of the project are:-
3.1. The development of an integrated and holistic plan for sustainable ecosystems management, resilience building and sustainable livelihood in the wider Hurri Hills and Shurr landscapes
3.2. Implementation of strategic natural resource management interventions that promote sustainable livelihoods and enhance resilience of communities and ecosystems on a pilot basis and according to community/user group ranking of priorities in Hurri hills and Shurr
3.3. Demonstrate participatory approach of selecting strategic natural resource management interventions that promote livelihood and resilience of communities and ecosystems at landscape level
3.4. Capacity of local organizations and county government staff on participatory planning at landscape level and resilience building improved
4. Purpose and scope of the assignment
In order to sustainably manage resources effectively and derive maximum benefits from the existing natural resources it is essential to have a good knowledge of the ecosystems and biodiversity that exists in the project areas and how the local communities, ecosystems and biodiversity interact.
The project aims at implementing activities that facilitate inclusive governance and self-organization at community level over land, water and other assets within landscapes.
To achieve this one of the key activities planned is a rapid ethno-ecological survey that will aid in decision-making in sustainable resource management, use and access.
The ethno-ecological survey is planned to be undertaken at landscape level through community consultations and using appropriate secondary information such as published literature and key informant interviews.
The focus should be on rangeland and tree vegetation and plants with animal information secondary.
The time and resources for this work is limited and thus recommendations for further work will be included to the final integrated plan that is the output of the project.
IUCN is looking for a suitable consultant(s) to undertake the task of conducting such an ethno-ecological survey.
5. Specific tasks and methodology
Working with communities and other project partners the consultant(s) will be required to produce an ethno-ecological survey. To accomplish the task the following activities will be undertaken:
5.1. Undertake desktop research to gain a preliminary understanding of the demographic context of the project areas, social organization and management practices with respect to natural resource management of the different ethnic groups, and characterization of the different natural resources (flora and fauna) upon which the communities depend in terms of livelihoods as well as spiritual and cultural values.
This will include to locate and make brief summary of the key content of relevant literature and in consultation with key informants specifically that related to Marsabit, or the Hurri Hills.
5.2. Through participatory methods, undertake an ethno-ecological survey in the project areas including offering brief training to selected personnel of local NGO partners on approach and template/tools to be used in conducting the survey.
The biodiversity survey should combine Traditional Ecological Knowledge and conventional methods.
The main information to be collected is:-
a. Further develop and fine-tune the methodology to be approved before the survey starts.
b. Information on location and physical characteristics including main ecosystems, vegetation/land use types and administrative categories of land.
c. Utilization of biodiversity resources including plant and animal species, wood and non-wood products, agro-biodiversity, agriculture and traditional management practices.
d. Assessment of the state of biodiversity in the project area including ecosystem diversity and species diversity and status.
e. Historical changes in vegetation, major animal populations (see below) and climate over historical times and within community or stakeholder memory.
f. Trends in biodiversity in the project area including major threats, resources under sustainable use and conservation needs.
g. Management of biodiversity resources including national/sub national policy, institutional and legal framework, local management and traditional practices, and biodiversity management programmes.
h. Develop a report with recommendations regarding the ethno-ecology of the two landscapes and include proposals for further work to be included as a task in the integrated plan itself.
5.3. Conduct appropriate technical and community-level validation to verify the information collected in the above steps.
A full report on the background information collected, ethno-ecological survey design and data collection methodology/protocols, species list including local names and trends (including IUCN status), details on local communities’ interdependence with biodiversity and their biodiversity management practices, and recommendations towards the development of an integrated and holistic plan for sustainable ecosystems management, resilience building and sustainable livelihood in the wider Hurri Hills landscapes.
7. Duration of the assignment
The consultant is expected to complete the work within 20 days in the month of September and October 2016.
8. Immediate resources:
8.1. Samburu biocultural protocol
8.2. Rangeland handbook
8.3. UNDP vegetation work.
8.2. Rangeland handbook
8.3. UNDP vegetation work.
9. Background of the consultant(s)
The consultant(s) will be individuals or a team biology and or anthropology expert with at least a master’s degree in the relevant field with 5-10 years of experience with proven skills in conducting surveys of similar nature.
They will need a good understanding of the communities, botany and ecosystems of Northern Kenya. Consultants should be from or based in Kenya.
The budget should not exceed US Dollars 15,000.
Interested persons should submit the following documents:
(i) Curriculum Vitae
(ii) a brief write-up on his/her interpretation of the TORs,
(iii) a work plan for the activity, and
(iv) financial proposal,
to Yasin Mahadi at firstname.lastname@example.org on or before 12th September 2016 copied to Akshay Vishwanath at email@example.com