Terms of Reference for KAP Survey in the Tdh Child Protection Project, Kambioos Refugee Camp, Dadaab Region

Terre des hommes Foundation (Tdh) 
Terms of Reference for KAP Survey in the Tdh Child Protection Project, Kambioos Refugee Camp, Dadaab Region

Background: Terre des hommes Foundation (Tdh) is an international NGO focused on Child Rights and Child Protection. Since 1960, Tdh has focused programming in healthcare and child protection in more than 30 countries around the world. 

In Kenya Tdh has presence in Garissa and Nairobi Counties where it seeks to influence the policies and ways of working of government, international organisation like the UN and multinational companies, to help to build a better future for disadvantaged children and their communities with an innovative approach and practical, sustainable solutions.


Kambioos refugee camp in which the study is focused is the smallest camp in Dadaab region with a population of only a little above 20,000 people a larger majority being children. The camp settles mainly refugees of Somali origin though there are a few pockets of refugees from Congo, Burundi, and South Sudan. Tdh has been actively involved in Somali refugee programming in Kenya since August 2011. 
As of March 2016, Tdh’s intervention continues enabling thousands of children to benefit from successful documentation of their profiles and follow up through specialized protection services, ranging from interim family-based care arrangements, access to the Garissa Rescue Center, reunification with parents in Somalia, and psychosocial counselling. 
Over 5,000 children have enjoyed community based protection services, provided through Tdh’s work in the schools and in its community centre, that improve the quality of life in the camp.

While successes have been achieved in many areas of intervention, the analysis of current activities, coupled with the survey organized in February 2013 and the project evaluation conducted in February 2014, reveal pockets of risks and protection gaps that continue to pose threats to sustained protection benefits.

The Somali society generally, is characterized by patriarchal and gender relations that minimize women’s access to and exercise of their rights, with women and girls considered as legal minors. 

Childhood age and gender rights are defined according to religious and traditional criteria. Boys are considered as adults between the age of 18 and 20 and girls between 15 and 18, with clear repercussions on the average age of marriage. 
Women bear the responsibility for raising children and taking care of the household and Somali girls have more housework responsibilities and are kept closer to home than boys of the same age or younger. 
Women are normally marginalized in the decision making process, led by male clan elders on the basis of consensus and their interests, as well as those of children, can be deprioritized in the interest of maintaining the strength of male based clans.

Girls specifically in Kambioos tend to participate less in community based activities, including attending school, are subject to the decision of the fathers, and appear to be more vulnerable to SGBV incidents. 

According to Tdh’s studies, girls are very aware of cases of sexual violence, while boys do not highlight this problem as frequently. Girls still represent the majority in the sexual abuse and violence cases registered by Tdh. 
While recognizing that these data are not fully representative – SGBV cases are still greatly under-reported, but the additional stigma linked to boy survivors make their identification even more difficult – it is safe to assume that

the phenomenon affects girls much more than boys. Child marriage and female genital mutilation and cutting are also widespread.

 In settings like refugee camps, the early marriage of a girl-child is often wrongly considered as a ‘protection measure’ by the community, as being married places her under tight male control and ensures that the children she bears are ‘legitimate’. 
Also Tdh staffers, especially male team members, still do not feel comfortable discussing the issue with the community. 
It is quite common to face this type of resistance during the first phases of implementation, but Tdh senior management will keep focusing on these long term behaviour changes, starting from increased capacity building of its own staff.

The experience developed in Kambioos, as well as with Kenyan populations of Somali origin in Lagdera sub-County and in similar contexts in other countries is applied here to navigate carefully around the harmful traditional practices that violate the rights of women and children. 

The team regularly consults with all stakeholders in the camp, paying special attention to involving community and religious leaders and to explain the nature of the activities conducted. 
This regular consultation, together with the strong understanding of the dynamics internal to the refugee community, minimizes the risk of being seen as an external actor that potentially destabilizes the equilibrium of the community.

When, during the first assessment (2011), community members were asked about traditional customs and practices affecting mostly girls some people expressed concern, but a large part did not express openly its views. 

The 2014 evaluation shows less reticence, to the extent that some refugees would like Tdh to take a stronger stance vis-à-vis issues like female genital mutilation. 
This is an important progress, but it is important for Tdh to keep explaining to these members of the community that it will take a long time to be able to eradicate such entrenched issues.

In 2015 however, Tdh has prominently elaborated strategies to keep more children from harm while at the same time addressing the effects and impacts of the displacement and refugee life on children in Kambioos camp. 

The approaches combine to reinforce and ensure intervention in all critical areas (prevention, response, advocacy, and system support) are addressed in a way that builds local capacities for the future. 
The approaches are fully in line with the guiding principles and approaches of the Minimum Standards for Child Protection in Humanitarian Action and the UNHCR Framework for the Protection of Children. 
With the new emphasis in programming, dh defines herself as an enabler with a strong belief in self-actualization, self-reliance.

Tdh supports the transfer of knowledge and skills to enhance prevention of exploitation, abuse, neglect and violence against children, including risks associated with distressful situations inherent in the refugee environment. 

Besides the regular awareness activities in the blocks, in the community centre, in schools, and through the radio tailored on the needs arising from case management and community discussions and including topics such as the importance of education, risks of separation, caring for children with special needs, among many others.

Besides, the proposed capacity building interventions will strengthen community structures that involve women to ensure that there is basic community support mechanism for vulnerable groups like women, girls and children. Also gender specific activities, like the girl’s symposium, will focus on building the capacities of girls to assess, analyse and have actions aimed at meeting their survival, development and protection and that of their community.

Purpose of the TOR: The purpose of this TOR is to spell out the guidelines for the assignment that is aimed to carry out a study to assess the knowledge, attitudes and Practices of the Kambioos Refugee Camp, Dadaab with regards to Child Protection and to provide a report with relevant recommendations that will inform and guide in appropriate interventions in the area.

KAP Survey Objectives

Broad Objective: The goal of the study is to evaluate how the interventions conducted by Tdh in Kambioos Refugee camp contributed to the Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices and the influence this has had on the protection and well-being of children in the refugee camp. 

In addition, the study findings will act as a baseline and recommendations will aid in designing, planning and implementation, of the future child protection interventions in Kambioos and Hagadera refugee camps, Dadaab region.

Specific Objective

Specifically, this study aims to:
  1. Establish the level of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices within the Kambioos community, and other related child protection behaviours occurring as a result of or linked to the intervention of Tdh through the PRM funded project
  2. Use KAP survey results to cause continuous and proactive improvements in the child protection programming for children in Kambioos.
  3. To determine the effectiveness, relevance and appropriateness of the current prevention and response mechanisms applied in Kambioos to enhance the protection and well-being of children.
  4. Document gaps in knowledge, attitudes, and practices including negative traditional practices that enhance or undermine appropriate changes for children in Kambioos refugee camp, and by extension the Dadaab based refugee camps.
  5. To determine community knowledge and awareness on harms prevalent in the refugee camp that directly or indirectly affect children and how such harms are and can be mitigated to achieve protection and enhanced wellbeing of refugee children.
Methodology: Using the Terms of Reference, the intending consultant will prepare a draft proposal on how they intend to conduct the survey. 
The consultant is expected to propose and design a suitable methodology for gathering information and delivering results. 
Given that this is a social study, both qualitative and quantitative data are expected.

Main Tasks of the Consultant

  1. Submit a report which will include an interpretation of the tasks and methodologies which will be used in the KAP survey;
  2. Develop appropriate tools and instruments for gathering information;
  3. Present the KAP Methodology to the Child Protection Working Group in Dadaab, and to the Tdh Senior Managers in Nairobi
  4. Review appropriate documents (the project blue prints including theory of change; past survey reports, periodic reports), International instruments including the SPHERE Standard, the Minimum Standards for child protection in humanitarian action; survey methods in child protection etc.
  5. Ensure collection of quality data for high quality analysis and reporting
  6. Undertake consultations with key stakeholders and conduct field data collection;
  7. Process and analyse the data, write and submit a draft report of the survey;
  8. Present Preliminary findings to Tdh staff, the CPWG in Dadaab, and Tdh Country Management team in Nairobi.
  9. Revise and submit a final copy of the survey report including recommendations to the Tdh Country Representative (Nairobi), The Tdh Emergency Desk Officer, and the Child Protection Specialist, Tdh Lausanne.
Deliverables under this consultancy will include the following:
  1. A detailed inception report showing how the consultant seeks to undertake the study. The report will include a clear methodology and data collection tools, analysis reporting details and a detailed work plan. This will be presented 4 days after the signing of the contract
  2. Be present at Tdh, CP Working Group meeting in Dadaab for presentation of the KAP methodology and final findings.
  3. A draft report detailing the survey findings and recommendations 7 days after completion of data collection activities in the field.
  4. A power point presentation version of the report A final report 10 days after completion of the field activities.
  5. The final report shall be submitted as scheduled to the Country Representative, Tdh Kenya, Country Representative in electronic versions, MS Word and MS Excel, and 3 printed hard copies.
Duration and Time: The entire assignment including preparation of the study tools and protocols, recruitment and training of data collectors, field work, analysis of data and report writing is estimated to last 30 calendar days. 
The exercise is expected to commence On 11th April 2016.

Desirable Qualifications: This assignment requires a high level of skill, patience and motivation to accomplish within the stipulated time frame. 

The consultant will be required to devise appropriate strategies to generate as much information as required within the limited time.
In addition, the consultant should be capable of working in difficult environment where security situation is unpredictable and with limited basic facilities and amenities.

Education and Background Required:

  1. Bachelor of Arts in Child Protection, Child Rights, Sociology, Child Rights, Child Development studies, Social Statistics, or other relevant social sciences studies.
  2. Graduate or Postgraduate Studies in Qualitative and Quantitative Research Methodology is an added advantage.
  3. Minimum of 5 years’ relevant research in the Horn of Africa region is an added advantage.
  4. Clear understanding of social science research process or methodology and research ethics.
  5. Proven publications record: Previous publication record on Knowledge Attitude and Practices survey is an advantage.
  6. Must be computer literate with undoubted proficiency in at least 3 analytical statistical and research packages
  7. Languages: Possession of strong oral and written communication skills in English, knowledge of Somali Language is an added advantage.
Functional Qualities Required:
  • Successful negotiator
  • Creative thinker
  • Training skills
  • High level of motivation, integrity, commitment and professional responsibility
  • Ability to tolerate cultural, educational and religious diversities
  • Excellent communication, organization and presentation skills
  • Planning and organizing abilities.
  • Strong leadership and teamwork abilities.
Reporting: The consultant will report to the Child Protection Program Manager.

How to Apply

Interested consultants should send an Expression of Interest (EOI) which should contain technical and financial proposal.

The technical proposal should include consultants understanding of the TORs, methodology, and work plan and activity schedule.
A detailed CV of the consultant and a sample report should be included as annexes. 
The financial report should include professional fees and other expenses required to undertake the study.

The Expression of interest should be emailed to: kenya@tdh.ch
Deadline: 6th April 2016

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