Solidaridad Gap Analysis of Project Mines in Geita Tanzania



Terms of Reference

Gap Analysis of Project Mines, Geita Tanzania

Background: Going for Gold (GfG) is a 5-year programme being implemented by 3 international NGOs – Simavi, Healthy Entrepreneurs and Solidaridad – working towards economic empowerment of women living in and around artisanal and small-scale gold mines (ASGM) in Ghana and Tanzania.

Women working in mines face discrimination at multiple levels. Men control and benefit from most resources – access to land for mining, incomes, credit, mining and household commodities – thus limiting women’s opportunities for economic and social development.

The responsibility to have (and care for) children, limited access to health services and prevailing sociocultural norms further prevent women benefitting from mining and other economic activities.

Beyond the mines, women’s opportunities to engage in economic activity and improve their status are affected by their limited access to health care, contraception and sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) education.

Access to health facilities is low in areas around ASGMs and when present, an estimated 60% of facilities have inadequate capacity.

A lack of contraception and SRHR knowledge means that women are unaware of family planning, resulting in early and repeated pregnancies and threatening women’s health and economic productivity.

For the next 4 years we will be working in carefully selected artisanal and small scale gold mining communities in Geita region of Tanzania to improve working conditions for women within gold mines.

We will also be working closely with communities and women outside the gold mines to improve women’s status and abilities to engage in economic activities, increase their SRHR knowledge and create an environment in which communities, health workers and authorities recognise women’s health rights.

Solidaridad, which will be implementing the mine component of the programme, is an international Civil Society Organization with more than 45 years of global experience in facilitating the development of socially responsible, ecologically sound and profitable supply chains.

Solidaridad works across 12 supply chains and operates through 10 regional offices in 5 continents. Our East Africa Regional Expertise Centre is headquartered in Nairobi-Kenya. (

Fifteen (15) artisanal and small scale mines have been selected as project mines in Geita region of Tanzania. Solidaridad will be using the Fairtrade Standard as a tool in its work with the mines.

The Fairtrade Standard is an international voluntary standard for gold that promotes responsible business practices such as formal and legal mining operations, human rights, labour rights and environmental protection, health and safety among others (

Objectives of the Study

The objectives of the study are:

  • To develop a profile for each mine indicating data on workforce, lifespan of mine, production, sales, type of material being mined, legal status etc;
  • To conduct a Gap Analysis for each of the 15 selected mines, the associations and any other partner we will be capacity building. The gap analysis on 15 mines will specifically determine how compliant the mines’ operation are in relation to the Fairtrade Standard requirements;
  • To assess the capacity for the local ministry staff as we will require them to administer some of the trainings;
  • To assess the capacity of the regional mining associations like GAWOMA and GEREMA since we shall use them to rise voices of the miners for advocacy; and
  • To recommend strategies to be adopted to assist the mines to meet the Fairtrade Standard requirements.

Scope of Work

The scope of work are as follows:

  • Review of relevant documents on small scale mining, GfG Programme, Fairtrade Standard and any other relevant document;
  • Develop an inception report indicating literature reviewed, questionnaire for the field work and detailed workplan for the assignment;
  • Undertake field visits to each of the 15 project mines to collect basic statistics and assess the current state of the mine in relation to the Fairtrade Standard requirements i.e. General Conditions, Labour Conditions and Environmental Protection;
  • Prepare and present a draft report of the study, indicating a brief overview of the small scale mining sector in Tanzania, Profile of each mine, Gap Analysis and recommendations on the way forward;
  • Present a final report, incorporating comments of the draft from the Client.


  • Inception Report;
  • Draft Final Report of the study; and
  • Final Report.

Confidentiality Statement: All data and information received from Solidaridad for the purposes of this assignment are to be treated confidentially and only be used in the execution of this TOR. All intellectual property rights, including all reports, arising from the execution of this TOR shall be assigned to Solidaridad. The contents of written materials obtained and used in this assignment may not be disclosed to any third parties without the expressed advance written authorization of Solidaridad.

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Updated: May 3, 2017 — 4:10 am